Bodrum, formerly Halicarnassus, is a lively coastal resort and a popular tourist destination on the southwest Mediterranean coast of Turkey, in the Mugla Province. Bodrum, with its intense nightlife, beautiful beaches, historical sites, quality hotels and holiday villages, is one of the Turkey’s most popular holiday towns and largest resorts on the Aegean coast, below a list of Boddum’s famous historic sites.
Bodrum Underwater Archaeology Museum:
The underwater archaeology museum which is located inside Bodrum Castle, is unique in Turkey and rare in the world. It is one of the best examples of its kind which has won the “Special Praise” award in Europe in 1995. In the museum which is set up inside Bodrum Castle which has a rich history, belongings, clothes, tools and antiques belonging to ancient mariners and knights of the dark middle ages are on exhibit. This museum will leave its mark with you, it is a must see.
Mindos Gate gets its name from the Ancient Myndos city, which is known today as Gümüşlük. It is the first place that Alexander the Great has used to lay siege to the city.
The Myndos Gate is the best preserved part of the city walls that remain today. It has seen very bloody conflicts during Alexander’s Asian campaign.
Karians and Persians defending the city have fallen before Alexander’s army. Alexander the Great takes over the city, leaves a garrison of 2500 soldiers to Princess Island and goes on his way.
Bodrum Ancient Theatre:
The theatre was built in 4th century B.C., in King Mausolos’ era. It is shaped like a horseshoe and built according to the ancient tradition, with its back towards a mountain. It is one of the oldest and most beautiful ancient theatres in Turkey. The upper part of the theatre has fallen victim to time and most of the sitting areas have disappeared. A rectangular altar which was used for sacrifices to Dinoysos, god of wine and theatre, in the religious rituals of antique ages, is still there. The Ancient Theatre is one of Turkey’s oldest and is built in the classical antique age. The theatre still hosts many concerts and festivals in Bodrum, and it serves 13.000 persons.
The mausoleum which was started by Mausolos, King of Karia in the ancient city of Halicarnassos, today known as Bodrum, in 350 B.C. Following the death of the king, his sister and wife, Artemisia have completed the work.
The tomb which is considered one of the seven wonders of the world is built upon a 105 x 242 m terrace. All buildings and tombs similar to this one which were built afterwards, are called mausoleums. We recommend you to visit this historically important structure, since you are in Bodrum.
Pedasa Antique City:
Pedasa is the most well preserved of Leleg cities and is an Antique city that you’d wish to see in Bodrum. You’ll know that you’re getting near Pedasa when you see the domed graves looking like old cisterns, built with the dry-wall technique (by piling stones circularly), similar to cuploas. Pedasa is just 4km to Bodrum and is worth a visit.
Zeki Müren Museum:
The house in which the great artist Zeki Müren has spent his last years in Bodrum, exhibits the personal possessions, photographs and awards of the artist.